: In ancient Egypt, New Year was celebrated
near the end of September when River
Nile flooded. The flooding of the Nile
was considered very important because
without it, the people would not have
been able to grow crops in the dry desert.
At New Year, statues of the god, Amon
and his wife and son were taken up the
Nile by boat. Singing, dancing, and
feasting was done for a month, and then
the statues were taken back to the temple.
: Babylonia lay in what is now the country
of Iraq. Their New Year was in the Spring
season. At this time they celebrate
the arrival of the spring rains and
the renewal of nature, as well as the
renewal of the community.
three the king is put through the ritual
of humiliation. All of his powers are
removed and a priest, who tells him
he must go and pray for forgiveness
of his sins, hits him in the face. Three
days later he reappears and is absolved.
His royal crest is restored, ceremonies
are performed to ensure that nature
will support him during the coming year
and then he takes part in a procession.
After the procession the next three
days are full of chaotic activities
of all sorts. On the very last day,
that is the tenth day of the festival,
a banquet was held to celebrate the
restoration of order to the society
or the community.
: For many years the Romans celebrated
New Year on the first of March. Then,
in 46 BC, the Emperor Julius Caesar
began a new calendar. It was the calendar
that we still use today, and thus the
New Year date was changed to the first
day of January. January is named after
the Roman god Janus, who was always
shown as having two heads. He looked
back to the last year and forward to
the new one. The Roman New Year festival
was called the Calends, and people decorated
their homes and gave each other gifts.
Slaves and their masters ate and drank
together, and people could do what they
wanted to for a few days.
: The Celts were the people who lived
in Gaul, now called France, and parts
of Britain before the Romans arrived
there. Their New Year festival was called
Samhain. It took place at the end of
October, and Samhain means 'summer's
end'.At Samhain, the Celts gathered
mistletoe to keep ghosts away, because
they believed this was the time when
the ghosts of the dead returned to haunt
Some information were compiled from
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to the known authors of any material
that was used to put this article together.